The use of steroids by baseball players has placed the substances in the headlines but there is more to steroids than just muscle building for athletes.
Steroids are compounds that include certain drugs of hormonal origin, such as cortisone, which is used to treat the inflammatins caused by allergies and glucocorticoids used to reduce white blood cell production. Oral contraceptives are steroids. Prostaglandins and leukotrienes are listed in the steroid category.
Prostaglandins are extemely potent hormonelike stubstances present in many tissues. There are more than 16 known with effects such as dilating or constricting blood vessels, stimulating intestinal or bronchial smooth muscle, uterine stimulation, antagonism to hormones, and influencing metabolism of fat. Various prostaglandins or drugs that affect prostaglandins are used medically to induce labor, prevent and treat peptic ulcers, control high blood pressure, treat brochial asthma, and induce delayed menstruation. Aspirin and other NSAIDs (non-steroidal) pain killers tend to inhibt prostaglandin production.
Leukotrienes are produced by cells that play a part in body reactions, such as inflammation and allergic reactions.
Natural and synthetic steroids have four rings of carbon atoms but have different actions according to what is attached to the rings.
Anabolic steroids related to male hormones, are the products used by some athletes who wish foolishly stimulate growth and weight gain, strength and appetite.The list of anabolic steroids includes: bolderone, closterbol, and many others usually with testosterone in the name.
The following toxic effects, all of which relate the the length and level of dosage, may occur:susceptibiity to infection, osteoporosis, muscle weakness and wasting, diabetes, high blood pressure due to sodium and water retention, weight gain, edema, bruising, moon face (round, swollen), psychotic reactions, hairness, menstrual disturbance, pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), cataracts, and growth retardation. Anabolic steroids may cause liver damage and cancer. Anabolic steroids may alter many laboratory studies for up to three weeks after use has ceased.